Foundational skills include sounds (phonology), words (vocabulary), and sentences (syntax). These skills are built upon during higher level language tasks and generalization activities. Improving foundational skills often has an upward effect, positively impacting more advanced skills that they support.
Generalization activities require the use of many language skills all at once. Narratives and comprehension are my favorite focus areas as they target critical language skills necessary for both academic work and day-to-day life.
These areas support language development for many children we work with. I often target skills in these areas alongside other speech and language goals. Carryover from families and other team members and buy-in from the child are two critical components of work in these areas.